Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) is a condition in which the thin piece of skin under the baby's tongue (the lingual frenulum) is abnormally short and may restrict the movement of the tongue tip
Potential effects of tongue tie
1. Speech development
It is important to note that tongue tie does not necessarily impair speech. Many individuals compensate well and have normal sounding speech, even those with the fraenum attached very close to the tongue tip under the tongue. Some individuals may have imprecise articulation, especially at speed.
2. Dental health
Cavities ('dental caries') can occur due to food debris not being removed by the tongue’s action of sweeping the teeth and spreading saliva.
3. Periodontic health
Gingivitis (gum disease) can develop, for the reason stated above.
4. Oral hygiene
Halitosis (bad breath) may be present, due to caries and food debris.
5. Eating and digestion
Some children with tongue tie are messy eaters due to a restricted ability to tidy up inside and outside of their mouths while they are having a meal. Some are unable to circle their lips with their tongues in order to fully lick their lips. In extreme cases poor oral hygiene can lead to digestive complaints.
6. Sexual function
Restricted tongue movements may affect sexual expression.
The tongue can be unduly obvious or unusual looking in some individuals, particularly when they are close up, or appear on video, film or TV.
8. Oral play
Children in particular may not be able to participate in play routines involving tongue movements and gestures.
9. Self esteem
It has been noted clinically that occasionally an older child or adult will be self-conscious, embarrassed or resentful about their tongue tie